10 Best Programming Languages You Need to Learn and Why

Mobile Applications, Games, Softwares, PC applications, Websites, etc., are all possible due to one thing – CODES. Programming languages seem to be inevitable in this digital age. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the 10 best Programming Languages you need to learn and why.

For beginners in the world of Programming, it is somewhat challenging to decide which programming language to begin with.

10 Best Programming Languages You Need to Learn

If you have been in this type of dilemma, get yourself relaxed as I will be taking you through a tour of the 10 Best Programming Languages You Need to Learn for carrier benefits.

Before I continue, the list I am about to analyze is based on the data sourced from the TIOBE (The Importance of Being Earnest) Programming Index. TIOBE programming index measures the popularity of programming languages, created and maintained by the TIOBE Company based in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

The index is calculated from the number of search engine results for queries containing the name of the language. The index covers Google, MSN, Yahoo, Baidu, Wikipedia, Google blogs and YouTube. According to the site, the TIOBE index is “not about the best programming language or the language in which most lines of code have been written”.

Now let’s talk about the 10 Best Programming Languages You Need to Learn.

10 Programming Languages you need to learn

1. Java

According to TIOBE’s data, Java is an object-oriented programing language that has been in the first and second positions more than any other programming language for about a couple of decades. It is essentially one of the most popular programming languages you need to learn.

It is an efficient programming language due to its portability, scalability, etc.

Job opportunities in Java.

Well, many renowned tech companies use Java to develop software and applications, and learning Java gives you a better chance of securing a job with any of these companies.

You can get various career opportunities as a professional in Java programming. This includes Web developer, EJB programmer, Software Developer, Tester, Application developer, etc.

Why don’t you pick up a course in Java today and stand a chance to work with renowned tech companies?

2. C

One of the oldest programming languages in the world of programming is C. Its portability features have been adopted early by giants in the world of technology such as Microsoft, Oracle, and Apple.

C as a programming language is highly recommended for beginners in programming because it is essentially the universal language of programming languages. It has sprung other programming languages like C++ and C#.

There are various reasons for choosing C as the programming language that you want to master, and this includes:

  • Compatibility with nearly every system
  • Highly suitable for operating systems and embedded systems
  • Relatively small run time for keeping systems lean

What job opportunities await me as I specialize in C?

Learning C as a programming language gives you the advantage of building your career as a Software Developer, Application Developer, Tester.

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Now, we go straight to the third of the 10 best Programming Languages you need to learn.

3. C++

Developed in the 1980s, C++ still lurked in most systems, from desktop web apps to server infrastructure.

Although it is an old programming language, C++ remains in demand due to its flexibility and performance. If you are willing to develop a career in C++, you need to know the applications.

Firstly, C++ is usually used to develop desktop applications that are focused on performance-intensive tasks.

Secondly, mastering C++ gives you a deeper understanding of how programming languages work and help in acquiring low-level memory manipulation skills.

Career opportunities in C++

we have options such as Operating Systems and compilers, Database engines, Gaming Industry, Financial Platforms, etc.

Why don’t you get yourself busy with a couple of courses in C++?

4. Python

Python as an object-oriented programming language is becoming one of the popular programming languages ranked by the TIOBE index. Still, on the rise, it has secured a spot in the top 5 of the TIOBE index in recent years.

You need to build your career on Python this year because it is the language behind most of the world’s promising tech, today such as AI, machine learning, Data Science, Big Data and Robotics.

If you are looking for a programming language that is extremely easy to learn and efficient, Python might be what you are looking for.

Career Opportunities in Python

Career Opportunity in Python includes Software Engineer, Software Developer, Web developer, Quality Assurance Engineer, Data Science.

Next is the fifth of the 10 best Programming Languages you need to learn.

5. Visual Basic .NET

Visual Basic .NET, one of Microsoft’s OOP languages that combines the power of .NET framework-based classes and run-time environment, continues to hold the 6th position as ranked by the TIOBE index.

One of the features that Visual Basic .NET is well known for is developing GUI applications making tasks easier for programmers and improving productivity.

Considering the interest of coders, Visual Basic .NET offers a fast and easy way to create desktop applications for Windows platforms and web services and web development.

What are the career opportunities as you begin to learn VB .NET?

Career opportunities in VB .NET

Career opportunities include: Senior Engineer, Software Developers, DevOps Engineer, QA Automation Engineer

6. C#

Developed by Microsoft to rival Java, C# is a modern object-oriented programming language designed to create apps on the Microsoft platform. It needs the .NET framework on Windows to work.

C# has a wide range of applications, but its strength lies in the case of Windows desktop applications and game development. My career opportunities as a C# programmer are Game Developer, Application Engineer.

Next is the seventh of the 10 best Programming Languages you need to learn.

7. JavaScript

These days, software developers find JavaScript one of the inevitable programming languages to use for their work. Used with HTML and CSS, it is essential for front-end web development to create interactive web pages and display content dynamically to users.

To know how important JavaScript is, 90% of the websites use this language, and it is one of the friendliest programming languages for you to begin with as a learner.

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Nevertheless, it would help if you learned other supporting programming languages to be more effective in your programming and pursue a career as a front-end developer for desktop, mobile app or game development.

Career opportunities associated with JavaScript

Career Opportunities are Web Development, Software Development, App Development, etc.

8. SQL

Structured Query Language (SQL) is a popular query language that has been rapidly progressing in rank in TIOBE. SQL lets you access and manipulate databases.

Since its invention, there has been another database technology, but SQL has been reigning for the past four decades, moving from the ninth position to the eighth position on the TIOBE index.

This is due to its simplicity, reliability, ubiquity and active community that does a lot to keep this open-source language around.

As a beginner, I will recommend SQL because it is easy to learn compared to other languages.

Career opportunities in SQL

The Career opportunities associated with SQL are:

Database Administrator, Database Developer, Database Tester, Data Scientist, App Developer, Web Developer, etc.

If you are willing to set up a career in these professions, why not begin with SQL.

9. PHP

PHP is among the most popular programming languages to learn. Why?

This is ascertained because it is mostly used on the server-side for web development accounting for about 80% of websites on the internet.

Although it has been shifted down to the ninth position by SQL, its usefulness cannot be undermined. PHP offers several frameworks like Laravel and Drupal to help developers build applications faster with more scalability.

Career opportunities in PHP

Starting a career in web development with PHP is not a bad idea, and these are the Career opportunities: Web Developer, App Developer.

Next is the final of the 10 best Programming Languages you need to learn.

10. Assembly Language

Assembly Language is a low-level programming language for microprocessors and other programmable devices. For any processor, Assembly Language serves as the most basic programing language.

It would help if you didn’t learn Assembly Language without using it unless you are joining a group where you write low-level code.

Career opportunities in Assembly Language

Career Opportunity: Mainframe Programmer, CPU Architecture, Software Engineer.


Now that you are armed with enough information about the 10 Best Programming Languages You Need to Learn, why not take your time in weighing each option and choose based on your interest and the type of software development you would like to engage in.

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I hope this article helps you in choosing the right language career path. I hope to see you in the world of coding!!!


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